Landscaped Sloped Entrances: Ground Covers, Shade Trees Long Island

By Giuseppe Abbrancati
This landscape project has taken several years to complete. the property has been landscaped according to the areas and sections with large planting. There are several groupings of plantings. For example in order to create a grand appearance. There are 5 Japanese Crytomerias that will grow into enormous trees. The crytomerias will definitely stand out and make a statement. Years from now, they will double their size. The property had two slopes that needed a lot of attention. The landscape designer decided to plant for synthesis because they are fast growing and would take over the weeds that are always a challenge. Alongside the Forsythsis we planted grasses to fill in and create a soft but natural look. We planted beautiful pink ground rose’s ground roses that are fast growing, yet create a beautiful garden. We have planted three persimmon trees to add variety and character. Two chestnut trees were planted to create shade. It helped fill grassy are that needed plants desperately. Chestnut trees were a great idea because they grow into big trees will produce chestnuts and to top it off it has beautiful leaves in a deep rich glossy brown color.

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Concrete Swimming Pools: Large, Medium, Small Sized Long Island

By Giuseppe Abbrancati
Kink sized swimming pools long island-swimming pool and spa combo-waterfalls-heaters-deck jets-led lights –gappsi can make you swim like a king.
Swim like a king, in a gappsi built smart pool. All state of the art tecnology delivered form a trustworthy   reputable company.
Automated safety swimming pool covers installed by gappsi are piece of mind for worried costumer for the safety of loved ones.  further more heat is kept from rising in the air and wasting your money in fuel bill to heat your pool and the use of comical is also reduced du to the fact that the swimming pool water is not exposed to the sun and raining water is kept out to prevent diluting the salt in the pool water as much as the comical.

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Paving Stones: Services, Types, Colors, Patterns Long Island

By Giuseppe Abbrancati
We are a full services outdoor construction company; we provide home improvement services for homeowner all over long island. When it comes to the quality of gappsi installations, you do not have to simply take my word for it.  Gappsi has been published on television shows such as Concept Home, HGTV, Today Show, Curb Appeal, George Harsh show, house show as well as editors of publications such as This Old House, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and New York Newsday. Gappsi was awarded 12 titles for designing the best jobs from ICPI and concrete products magazine from the national masonry associations.
Our services start with the initial observation of the property potential, listening to the costumer’s wishes, goals and views. We start with the initial design concept of the hardscape showing pool patios retaining walls and steps calculating elevations and sq ft. for a preliminary cost estimate for the project. This way the client can establish an approximate budget. We use pool studio 3d program for pool designing and viz terra for our landscape designing. We provide free designing to show the client what they will buy for the price we charge. Our first priority is to educate the costumers to avoid problems, we prepare the designs and then we have the costumers come to our showroom and admire and analyze the initial concept. We educate our costumers about all the possibilities of retaining walls and pavers that they can use to build their projects our show room displays the largest selection of paving stones that we select among all major manufactures. We use nicolock pavers because Nicolock has the largest selection of paving stone shapes and color blends with nicolock we have endless possibilities.
Nicolock Paving Stones and Retaining Walls manufactures a complete line of interlocking concrete paving stones, architectural paving slabs, precast concrete products, and segmental retaining wall systems. We have built the nicolock displays all over long island and we won many awards using nicolock pavers. The Nicolock organization, a division of Nicolia Concrete Products, is backed by over 50 years of experience in the production and supply of quality concrete products. Based out of Lindenhurst, NY, with locations in North Haven, CT, and Frederick, MD, Nicolock operates a high-tech, multi-plant manufacturing facility and services the regional Northeast and Mid-Atlantic wholesale industry, as well as commercial, industrial and municipal construction.
This is the list of the Nicolock products that we proudly install for over 17 years for Long Island homeowners. We have installed millions of Nicolock paving stones and made thousands of happy customers. Nicolock’s quality has increased over the years, they have adapted the newest technology and are constantly improving their facilities to keep up with the ever changing market and demands.
Nicolock accents include what do you call interlocking brick pavers shape with wave pattern and a variety of coping stones, circle kits, pier kits, balusters and railings. These accents will set off any hardscape project by adding that extra touch of elegance, character and stately charm.
Antiqued Pavers
Nicolocks Toscana Antiqued Pavers combine the look of naturally aged stone with the durability of high-STrength concrete.
Toscana Antiqued products are distressed using state-of-the-art tumbling technology, to create a popular textured and weathered look. Whether used for a pool deck, patio, walkway, or driveway, Nicolock’s Toscana Antiqued products will enhance the landscape of any home with the look and feel of old stone
Antiqued Walls
Nicolocks Antiqued Walls evoke the lush landscape and rich flavor of Italy’s Tuscany region.
Centuries of tradition and nature’s generosity have made it an inspiration to generations and throughout the world. Now Nicolock has captured the essential beauty and charm of this enchanting land in its “antiqued” product
Environmental Pavers
We manufacture several variations of eco-friendly permeable paving products.
These products allow storm water to percolate back into the soil rather than run-off into sewers and waterways. In addition to being friendly to the environment, they often can help you use more of your property by providing more permeable surface area to meet government requirements.
Traditional Pavers
Nicolock is a leading manufacturer of interlocking concrete paving stones. Each Nicolock paving stone product is specially designed for quality, strength, and performance. With Nicolock’™s wide variety of styles and 21 color options to choose from, over 580 product and color combinations are possible.
Traditional Walls
Nicolock manufactures 11 distinct retaining wall and garden wall products. Each product is versatile and can be used for a multitude of applications. Available in a variety of popular colors, Nicolock Wall Stone is designed to enhance the landscaping and accentuate any vertical applications of your landscape designs.
Hardscaping Accessories
Wet Look Protective Sealant for Pavers & Slabs (by Techniseal)
• Protects against oil and dirt
• Makes surface easier to clean
• Gives a wet look. Film-forming. Satin finish
• Resists salt, frost and UVs
• Penetrates deeply–Will not peel or discolor
• Made of acrylic and plasticizers. Microporous
• 1galNatural paving Stone: travertine, limestone, granite long island. Covers up to 175 sq.ft./ 5gal. Cover up to 875sq.ft.
• Water-based. Environmentally friendly V.O.C.: 44.73 g/L
Efflorescence Cleaner (by Techniseal)
• Dislodges efflorescence and ground-in dirt
• Recommended prior to sealant application
• Ensures even cleaning & brightens up the color
• Automatic dilution with adaptable SPRAYER
• Contains no muriatic/hydrochloric acid
• Concentrated – Makes 5 gal. of product
• 1 gal. cleans 200 sq. ft.
Dirt And Grease Cleaner (by Techniseal)
• Removes motor oil and other greasy stains
• Dissolves, dislodges and encapsulates grease
• For bare or previously sealed surfaces
• Easy to rinse
Paint, Tar And Rubber Remover (by Techniseal)
• Removes sealant, paint, tar or bitumen, rubber, &
chewing gum
• For concrete products and natural stone
• East to rinse
Rust Remover (by Techniseal)
• Effectively removes stains caused by rusted metal objects, fertilizer, etc.
• For bare or previously sealed surfaces. Won’t discolor
the material
• Contains no muriatic hydrochloric acid
Polymeric Sand for Paver Joints (by Alliance)
Designed for sloping areas, around pools, and for all paver installations. Helps prevent weed growth, ant hills, erosion, and wearing.
• Choice of colors: beige and grey
• Sets at above freezing temperature 0ºC (32ºF)
• 3 Hour setting time
• Will not stain pavers
Polymeric Sand (by Techniseal)
• Regular or High Performance.
• Available colors: tan & gray
Geogrid (by Strata)
• SG 150 (biaxial). 4′ x 50′ = 22.2 SY/roll for residential-sized projects
• SG 200 (uniaxial). 6′ x 300′ = 222 SY/roll for commercial-sized projects
Paver Edge Restraint (by Snap Edge)
• One piece system does it all: straight sections, radius & even a complete circle
• Open bottom design allows for grass growth right up to the pavement edge
• Patented integral piece-to-piece vertical interlock connection system
• Made from 100% recycled high density polyethylene (HDPE)
• Can be installed before or after pavers have been laid
• Easy to install with common 8”-12” landscape spikes
Separation Fabric (by Strata)
• SW 200: Residential Use. 6.25’ x 108’ = 75 SY/roll woven separation fabric for residential use
•SW 200: Commercial Use. 12.5’ x 432’ = 600 SY/roll woven separation fabric for commercial use
Engineered Fence Form (by Strata)
Sleeve-It is a code compliant fence post foundation system for your retaining wall
We also use Cambridge paving stones. Cambridge Paving stones are made in America, are the only pavers on the market with the added value of Armor Tec. We are also very proud to be able to say that Cambridge is the most efficient paving stone and wall stone manufacturer in North America. These efficiencies are especially appreciated in today’s challenging economic times because they allow Cambridge to give homeowners exactly what they expect… the very best without having to pay more for it. I believe in the superior quality of Cambridge Paving stones so much that we offer them to homeowner’s. Cambridge Paving stones with Armor Tec, Cambridge selection of colors and shape is very extensive we also display Cambridge paving stones in our show room and install thousands of sq ft for long island home owners.
What is Cambridge ArmorTec®
Premium ArmorTec pure-pigmented color and the Cambridge advanced, concrete mix technologies are concentrated on the top 3/8″ where it matters. Don’t settle, insist on Cambridge and be assured of these entire premium ArmorTec Advantages without having to pay any more for them… ArmorTec® – Lasting Beauty From Cambridge Advanced Tecnology
Color saturated, extra-dense concrete material made with super-fine sand granules and devoid of any large aggregate (stones) is manufactured into the top 3/8 inch of Cambridge Pavingstones.
With the added value of ArmorTec, the colors of Cambridge Pavingstones will not fade. The rich color remains and the surface stays smooth yet skid-resistant. Only Cambridge Pavingstones have ArmorTec. See actual photos below and discover why, with ArmorTec, your patio, pool deck, walkway and driveway will look like new forever.
Cambridge coleection includes
ArmorTec® Sherwood Each group of Cambridge Shapes and Design Kits with ArmorTec in this collection possesses premium level, architectural surface finishes. The Collection is comprised of Ledgestone IV™, Ledgestone IV™ and 18 x 18, AbbeyStones™, and QuartzTec™. 
ArmorTec® Renaissance
The walkways, piazzas and roadways of the European Renaissance inspired our designers when developing these aged Cambridge Shapes and Design Kits with ArmorTec. Each offers the look of naturally aged stone to complete any historic, vintage or contemporary landscape.
ArmorTec® RoundTable
Dimpled, embossed surfaces gently roll into soft, beveled edges on four straight-sided Cambridge Shapes with ArmorTec. This ever-popular collection also includes Design Kits, which can be integrated into, or used to create, unique pattern designs.
ArmorTec® KingsCourt
Six classic, straight-sided Cambridge Shapes with ArmorTec, featuring beveled edges and smooth, flat surfaces, are offered in a choice of square and rectangular configurations.
ArmorTec® Excalibur
These Cambridge Shapes with ArmorTec have beveled edges and flflat surfaces but are distinguished by their angles and form, inspiring unusual pattern ideas.
ArmorTec® Crusader
This collection comprises Cambridge Shapes specially designed for specific structural, landscape and pavement applications and hardscape solutions such as steps, pool coping, edging and curbs, facing and permeable pavements.
Thinking Green Permeable Pavements – Do the right thing with a Cambridge Pavingstone Permeable Pavement System for efficient storm water management.
Cambridge Wallstone Systems have freestanding walls, knee walls, sitting walls, retaining walls, planters, tree rings, garden borders, columns and more. Create short or tall walls in straight, curved, serpentine or circular designs. Add a barbeque and fire pit, built-in outdoor kitchen and refreshment bar. Choose from several styles in colors that match or complement Cambridge Pavingstones to complete your landscape design.
Cambridge MaytRx® 6 & MaytRx® 3
Double-Sided, Multi-Face Wall System
Cambridge Pyzique®
Cambridge Pyzique “Double-Sided” Wall
Cambridge Olde English Wall™
Tumbled, modular wall units
Cambridge Renaissance Stone
Cambridge Renaissance Stone Wall System displays a distinctive aged stone appearance on straight, curved or serpentine retaining walls up to 28″ high can be easily achieved without mortar using Cambridge Renaissance Wall Units.
Allan Wall Systems
Available in Full Units with Corners and Capstones, use Allan Wall for straight, curved or serpentine walls of any height or length. Install this system with professional looking results using our detailed instructions.
Cambridge Olde English Wall™
Tumbled, modular wall units
Olde English Outdoor Fireplace
Cambridge Pre-Packaged Olde English Outdoor Fireplace Kit
Complete Pyzique® Barbeque & Fire Pit Kit
Cambridge Geogrid & Geotextile
Cambridge Engraved Custom Pavingstones
Cambrridge pavingstone selection I far more then what we can list .for more informations you can visit
We also use unilock pavers unilock is the oldest pavingstone manufacture in north america  with more the Michigan, N. West OH & N. East IN  Midwest – IL, WI, MO, IA, IN, MN, KS New England, RI, MA, VT, NH, ME, Eastern CT New York (Upstate NY, Northern PA)
New York – Long Island, Hudson Valley, Western CT, DE, MD, NJ, VA, PA
Ohio, Western PA, WV, KY Ontario & Quebec All Other Areas
Unilock® introduced paving stones to North America over 35 years ago.
Unilock®, a family-owned and operated business, originally introduced the paving stone to North America back in 1972. Backed by family values and a commitment to quality and innovation, Unilock® has grown to become the premier manufacturer of paving stones and retaining walls. Traveling the globe in search of new inspirations, Unilock® strives to stay in touch with the illuminating world of fashion, design and manufacturing techniques, all to ensure its mix of products continually reflects the evolving wants, desires and sense of style of its customers.
The Industry Leader
Paving stones are not all made the same.
They may look the same on the surface, but there’s a difference.
Although you may not realize it at first, not all paving stones and landscape walls are created equal. Some lack the structural integrity needed to last beyond a few decades. Unilock® is different. When it comes to long-term wear performance, stability of color, and the structural strength of each paving stone or retaining wall unit, Unilock outperforms the competitor’s products every time.
Our internal standards for manufacturing paving stones and retaining walls far exceed North American and world-wide industry standards and we’ve been providing a Lifetime Guarantee and backing it up with customer service longer than anyone else!
The structural integrity of each stone is guaranteed

Unilock Select

From the company that changed the way North America thinks about paving comes a collection of next-generation pavers.

Unilock Select pavers from Unilock are entirely unique to Unilock and the paver industry. In fact these products are so unique that they are in constant demand by architects, landscape contractors and consumers for their color, texture and wear performance. Unilock is a member of two exclusive European paver organizations, Stein & Design and Eurobeton. These associations have given Unilock the opportunity to tap into state-of-the-art manufacturing technology and marketing insights that help establish market trends and preferences.
Unilock Select pavers, Courtstone®, Copthorne® and Richcliff® are manufactured with Ultima&trad; Concrete Technology, resulting in a product that is up to 4 times stronger than conventional poured concrete. Coupled with StayClean™ Surface Technology and the Auto-align feature, these products provide performance like no other paving stone. Copthorne®, Courtstone® and Richcliff, have been inspired by the colors and textures of natural stone and/or historic building brick /stone. We carefully take these aesthetic characteristics, which in some cases have been created by nature over thousands of years, and have crafted concrete pavers that are almost indistinguishable from the real stone yet provide all the convenience and benefits of a manufactured concrete stone. The Courtstone®, Copthorne® and Richcliff® molds have been designed so that each paver appears to have a unique surface giving you that realistic variable look.
For something totally different, we have introduced Umbriano®, with ColorFusion™, an exclusive paver with a mottled coloring system and comes with a no-bevel edge which emulates a cut-stone or marble look. This paver is unique to Unilock and is completely different than any other paver on the market. Another great feature of Umbriano® is that it has StayClean™ Technology (CleanFactor® 90) which resists the penetration of dirt and food spills.
Belpasso®, a truly next-generation paver, has features and benefits that go way beyond any other paver. It has HD Brilliance Surface Technology which makes it the most colorfast and brilliant colored paver available in North America. It also has StayClean™ Technology (CleanFactor® 120) which not only prevents permanent staining from spills, oils and dirt, but also resisits the permanent adhesion of chewing gum to the surface.
Il Campo®
Series 3000® Umbriano® Unigranite®
Tumbled Pavers

Unilock introduced the first tumbled concrete paving stone in North America!

Unilock introduced tumbled concrete pavers to the landscape industry over 15 years ago with the introduction of Brussels Block®. Since then this paver has become a legend in its own lifetime and has had many products follow in its footsteps. The word “tumbled” actually refers to the process of pre-weathering or distressing the appearance of the stone giving it a more “natural” appearance. As a result, tumbled pavers provide for a more relaxed look and feel to your home or project landscape design. The soft earthy colors that Unilock produces, allows you to subtly match the exterior of your home or building without overwhelming the intended design. By adding one or more Unilock Select products into the design of a project containing Unilock tumbled products, you can create a one-of-a-kind masterpiece with accents, borders, and insets. These same borders, accents and insets can be put into a Brussels System wall for a complementing design. This is only possible with Unilock Select. Ask your landscape architect, designer or contractor for details.
Brussels Block®
Tumbled Camelot
Outdoor living areas built in DAYS not weeks!
Unilock Elements are part of the latest wave of innovative products from Unilock! By using these pre-built design features, you can transform your backyard space into a dream getaway, almost overnight! This revolutionary concept is a win-win for everyone! You get your backyard completed in days not weeks, and there’s a lot less mess associated with the installation process too. In fact, these features can easily be installed into most existing backyard landscapes in only a matter of hours!
Attractive and functional, matches to your new or existing pavers, built to exacting standards, UL-approved, are only a few of the reasons you should consider Unilock Elements. For more in formation on unilock you may visit

We also are exclusive destributors and supplier of Hanover paving stones.“Over the years, certain products and certain companies stand out from the rest. Products which can be relied upon for high quality and companies which will perform to specifications and give support. We, at Hanover®, believe that the true measure of a company is how well it can respond to its customer’s need, its attention to quality, and its dedication to performance. Hanover® has been building its reputation slowly… the best way, with quality products competitive prices, and service for 38 years.” — Hanover® Architectural Products

Quality Products and Services
Hanover® Architectural Products has been providing quality concrete unit paving products to the architects and designers for over thirty seven years. The company is constantly striving to manufacture innovative types of pavers utilizing unique shapes, aggregate or color blends, and surface textures. It has earned a reputation of leadership within the industry based on our products performance and the support given to our customers. Hanover® has an extensive unit paver range and accessory products.
As a company, Hanover® has been built on the philosophy that quality and service always comes first. Our project references demonstrate the high level of trust that has been placed with us. We would be honored to be part of your next project!

Serengeti® Stone
· Serengeti® Grande™
· Serengeti® 6″ x 6″, 6″ x 9″
Prest® Brick – Multisided
· Cathedral® detail
· Congressional® detail
· Hexagonal
· Patriot® detail
· Patriot® edgers
· Multisided Installation Designs
Prest® Brick – Traditional
· 4″ x 8″ detail
· 8″ x 8″ detail
· 6″ x 12″ Bullnose coping detail
· Traditional® 6″ x 6″
· Traditional® 6″ x 12″ x 4″
· Traditional® Installation Designs
· PlankStone™ Detail
· PlankStone™ Flyer
· PlankStone™ Installation Designs
Halifax™ Flagstone
· Halifax™ Flagstone Mixed Detail w/ laying design
· Halifax™ Flagstone 12″ x 12″ Detail w/ laying design
· Halifax™ Flagstone Irregular Detail
Prest® Pavers
· Profile cutting detail
· Paver Laying Patterns (A-F)

Specialty Items
· Splash Block
· Bumper Block
· Benches
· Engraving Letter Styles

Paver and Brick Accessories
· Paver

· SnapEdge Installation & Details
· SnapEdge Install Your Own Patio
· Pave Edge
· SafeStep Ice Melter
· TS Dirt and Grease Cleaner
· TS Efflorescence Cleaner
· TS Rust Remover
· TS Remover
· Hanover® Intensifying Sealer
· Hanover® Natural Sealer
· TS HP Polymeric Sand
· TS RG+ Polymeric Sand
Chapel Stone®
· Residential Step Detail
· Garden Walling Installation Detail
Ammon´s Wall™
· Ammon’s Wall™ Install Detail
Permeable Paving Units
· EcoGrid® Detail
· EcoGrid® Install Detail Cross Section
· Aqua-Loc®
· Aqua-Loc® Install Detail
Installation Guidelines
· Prest® brick Guidelines
· Chapel Stone® Garden Walling Guidelines
· Ammon’s Wall™ Installation Guide
Material Safety Data Sheets
· SnapEdge
· Unit Paving Materials
Product Data Sheets
· Paver data sheet
· Chapel Stone® Garden Walling
· Amaxene™ Paver Technology 
For more info you may visit Hanover at
We are distributors, suppliers and installers of Belgard paving stones.

Belgard is the largest pavingstone manufacture in North America and also known world wide this company has been around since 1995, a nationwide network of Oldcastle manufacturing facilities has produced Belgard interlocking pavers, paving stone and garden wall products. These products include the traditional and antiqued paver and wall series. All Belgard products have a long history of successful applications on thousands of residential and commercial projects throughout the United States and Canada.

Commonly used applications for our concrete pavers include driveways, walkways and patios. Belgard products compliment any landscape while adding beauty to both new and existing homes.
Belgard pavers are designed to provide years of protection in all climates. The quality of the concrete used to manufacture our products is rigorously checked at all times. Each day, in all plants, finished products are systematically sampled and are put through comprehensive tests. These tests include measuring resistance to temperature extremes, effects of de-icing salts, product stability, consistency of mixture and load-bearing capacity, among many other characteristics.
Oldcastle is devoted to manufacturing quality products and continuous improvement to that quality which is built into our approach. Whether experimenting with richer pigments to enhance the stability of finished products, such as interlocking pavers, or striving to improve manufacturing techniques, some 20,000 hours are spent each year on research and development. Perfecting new products that are in step with current trends keeps Belgard products on the cutting-edge.
Belgard concrete pavers and retaining walls will enhance the aesthetics and value of your client’s property. With a wide selection of colors, shapes and finishes, these products enhance any architectural style from Craftsman to Contemporary and Mission to Mediterranean.
Oldcastle’s professional staff is committed to providing the tools and solutions you need to assist with your toughest landscaping challenges. Belgard sets the standard for landscape design ideas and innovation. See for yourself. Contact us today for a look at what Belgard can do for your reputation to mention your projects 

Bergerac Paver Shapes

Of clearly rustic lineage, Bergerac’s finely knobbled surface, irregular shapes and rich granite-like texture all hark back to those ancient paving stones born of the art and craft of the old stone cutters of yore. Bergerac paving stones come in five delicately shaded colors designed to blend in natural harmony with those of Dublin Cobble paving stone and Celtik retaining walls, as well as with several of the most popular brick colors.
A highly distinctive paving stone, Bergerac is destined, as Dublin Cobble was to become the model and inspiration for a whole new generation of paving and masonry products. But, just as there is still only one genuine Dublin Cobble, there will always be only one authentic Bergerac. The one with panache!

Mega Bergerac Paver Shapes

Like Bergerac, Mega-Bergerac emulates the European rustic look but in a larger more robust fashion. The grander stones match the feel of natural stone products like granite and bluestone. With finely knobbled surface, irregular shapes and rich granite-like textures, Mega-Bergerac is the choice for the building the finest driveways, patios and pool decks. Its ashlar-installed pattern, similar to its counter part Dublin Cobble Modular, resembles ancient cobble stone pavements that date back to the Roman Empire.
Mega-Bergerac paving stones come in four delicately shaded colors designed to blend in natural harmony with those of Dublin Cobble paving stone and Celtik retaining walls, as well as with several of the most popular brick colors.

Cambridge Cobble Paver Shapes

Cambridge Cobble Brings All the Best of European Design to Your Front Yard.
One look and you’re whisked away to a time when horse-drawn carriages clacked through charming European townships and countryside’s. It’s a time when architectural design was measured by its elegance and fine craftsmanship. Today, your home can reflect this era of history with Cambridge Cobble pavers. Combining rich, earth tone colors with textured surfaces creates an authentic “old world” appearance. Available in rectangular and square styles for pattern flexibility, Cambridge Cobble gives you the freedom to make your home … your castle.

Cambridge Cobble Tumbled Paver Shapes

The tumbled “antique” version of the Cambridge Cobble Brings All the Best of European Design to Your Front Yard. One look and you’re whisked away to a time when horse-drawn carriages clacked through charming European townships and countryside’s. It’s a time when architectural design was measured by its elegance and fine craftsmanship. Today, your home can reflect this era of history with Cambridge Cobble pavers. Combining rich, earth tone colors with textured surfaces creates an authentic “old world” appearance. Available in rectangular and square styles for pattern flexibility, Cambridge Cobble gives you the freedom to make your home … your castle.

Turf Stone Paver Shapes

Turfstone Lets the Earth’s Natural Beauty Show Through.
Nowadays, concern for the Earth’s resources is at an all time high. In response, Belgard has created the environmentally responsible Turfstone pavers. This high-tech design allows rainwater to be filtered back into the soil naturally and gradually, resulting in the control and stabilization of soil erosion. The eco-friendly design of Turfstone allows greenery to grow right through it, creating a highly unique hardscape design that works with the natural beauty of the land.

Holland Stone Paver Shapes
The Simple Elegance of Holland Stone Makes Your Home Simply Magnificent.
Sometimes the most elegant ideas are also the most simple. Introducing Holland Stone, Belgard’s solution to finding a refined, yet versatile paver. Because of its classic, rectangular shape, you can create numerous interesting architectural designs that remain as stylish and attractive through the years as the day they were installed. Holland Stone – simple shape, simple elegance.

Dublin Cobble Paver Shapes

Give Your Home All the Charm of Ireland with Dublin Cobble.
The legendary charm, strength, and nobility of Ireland can be found in Dublin Cobble. Created with Belgard’s patented “antiquing” technology, Dublin Cobble provides and earthy, natural stone appearance that complements any setting – from rustic to traditional and contemporary. Turn your home into your own private retreat with Dublin Cobble … and create some legends of your own.

Dublin Cobble Modular Pavers

Give Your Home All the Charm of Ireland with Dublin Cobble.
The legendary charm, strength, and nobility of Ireland can be found in Dublin Cobble. Created with Belgard’s patented “antiquing” technology, Dublin Cobble provides and earthy, natural stone appearance that complements any setting – from rustic to traditional and contemporary. Turn your home into your own private retreat with Dublin Cobble … and create some legends of your own.

Urbana Stone® – Natural Appearance of Clean Cut Stone

The Urbana® Collection’s fine chiseled textures and contours combine with its random shapes and patterns to recall vintage cut stone.
It is offered in a versatile three-piece modular system with an optional large square that adds a broader range of shapes and an even grander scale.

Arbel Stone® – The Look of Natural Flagstone

Arbel® masterfully captures the elegant appearance of natural stone. Available in a range of earthen color blends, it features an irregular base shape, with the expansive range of unique textures and patterns that mimic natural flagstone.
All of these elements combine beautifully for a soft, natural appearance that will please your eyes and impress your guests for many years to come.

Mega-Arbel® Stone – The Look of Natural Flagstone

Mega-Arbel® pavers allow homeowners to create the perfectly integrated, natural-looking hardscapes they desire.
Featuring a range of attractive natural hues to choose from. Mega-Arbel’s scale is similar to natural flagstone-roughly two times larger than Arbel, it’s smaller counterpart.
Plus, installation is easy-the amount of cutting required is reduced to a minimum due to Mega-Arbel’s ingenoius interlocking feature.

Subterra Stone – Belgard Environmental Series

The latest addition to the Belgard Environmental series, Subterra Stone brings the most attractive, natural looking permeable paver to the market.
With its false joint structure, Subterra Stone offers the elegant look of natural chiseled stone, yet it is easy to install.
Combined with its unsurpassed environmental benefits, Subterra Stone is ideal for homeowners who want environmental stewardship without compromising beauty and style. Belgard Environmental sustainable thinking for a better future.

Belgard Environmental Pavers

Discover a new genus of paver, ideal for both residential and commercial hardscapes. Belgard’s Environmental pavers are attractive, all-weather durable and most important, eco-friendly.
The perfectly natural way to protect our earth’s most vital resources. Every paver allows water to permeate and directly enter the ground, thereby reducing the negative effects of run-off on local

Old World Stone

Recalling the narrow cobbled streets of Europe, the Old World Collection is crafted with a natural stone cleft finish for the look and feel of time-worn cut stone.
Old World’s natural look and finish allows for the flexible laying patterns with ample room for variance. Strong and durable, Old World is perfect for high traffic areas. Plus, the collection offers a wide range of both colors and pattern potential.

BelAir Wall™ Collection

An excellent alternative to traditional retaining wall systems Timeless multipiece design for maximum versatility Engineered for easy installation and alignment Ideal for a wide range of applications, from sweeping curved walls and raised patios, to steps and columns.
BelAir Wall™ offers designers, contractors and homeowners the ideal solution for residential and light commercial retaining and free-standing wall construction where pleasing aesthetics are a key consideration. The attractive multipiece design and blended colors offer an alternative look to traditional retaining wall units. The design of this easy-to-use product allows for sweeping curves. The system can be used in applications ranging from curves to corners, terraces to raised patios, or steps to columns.

Mega Lafitt® Collection

The look and feel of natural cut flagstone Consistent 80mm height allows for easy installation Large, modular shapes allow for ample design flexibility Versatile 3-piece pattern that can be used with optional large square Strength and long-term durability, combined with style and substance.
The newest addition to the Belgard Collection, Mega Lafitt features the most natural-looking texture available in a modular paver. Combined with its larger proportions, Mega Lafitt’s look and feel create the desired appearance of cut flagstone, yet with the strength and long-term durability homeowners expect from Belgard. Its modular shapes allow for ample design flexibility, and with an 80mm height, installation is a breeze. Looking for a paver surface offering ample style and substance? You’re certain to find it in Mega Lafitt.

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Swimming Pool Pro:Design-Construction-Maintenance Long Island

By Giuseppe Abbrancati
Finding a swimming pool professional on Long Island is a challenge because there are many swimming pool companies. However, there are a few that can handle every challenge of swimming pool installations and provide all services .Gappsi pools provide services  starting  from the original design of your pool, advising upon the right decision regarding shape ,size , construction and perform all the work to complete the entire backyard .Gappsi provides assistance to all  our swimming pool customers for maintenance and supplies with our swimming pool retail store located at 1015 West Jericho Turnpike, Smithtown NY. Our maintenance team can provide you with weekly maintenance, opening and closing throughout the year. Our staff is here to answer your questions; we are a phone call away. Professionalism is fulfilled by a company capable of providing services. Gappsi divisions and services for all your home improvements rang from swimming pools, landscaping, masonry, carpentry and home remodeling. Our full line of natural stones pavers, indoor tiles, landscape retaining walls and wall veneers in limestone, travertine, sandstone and granite are available at our display. To learn more about Gappsi products and services please visit our showroom at 1015 West Jericho Turnpike, Smithtown Long Island, e-mail us at [email protected] or visit our website at

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Courtyard Driveway: Fountain Layout, Pictures, Ideas Long Island

By Giuseppe Abbrancati.
Courtyards and formal entrances usually incorporate a fountain in the center with a driveway or a large walking paved area around them. Planting beds, geometrical planting areas for flowers tall trees used as focal points, accenting flower pots and earns are also very popular. Sitting benches positioned in front of the water feature are usually very functional and also used a lot by pedestrian. To learn more about Gappsi products and services please visit our show room at 1015 West Jericho Turnpike, Smithtown Long Island, e-mails us at [email protected] or visits our website at

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Expert Swimming Pool Builders:Concrete-Steel-Composite Long Island

By Giuseppe Abbrancati
We are experts in all aspects of pool construction, restoration, remodeling and maintenance. We are a professional concrete and steel wall swimming pool installer company. We are a third generation of concrete construction background and swimming pool builders. We offer a showroom with all supplies for your pool we are also a warranty center for all equipment that we install on your pool. Our staffs from designers to installers are very competent and will be available to answer any questions you may have from design conception and during your pool construction to the maintenance of your pool for years to come.
As a long island reputable and established in ground swimming pool company we take pride in our work and build our swimming pools to the highest level of quality possible.
Our process of pool construction begins with the locating of the pool, making sure that the design is followed  and adjustments of  swimming pool height  are made for the proper height of the finished patio and for over all back yard  drainage and layout.

  1. We begin with the excavation of the pool generally we cart away the excess dirt that is generated from the excavation of the pool unless there is the need for fill in the construction of the backyard.  Next step is setting up the forms our state of the art aluminum pool molds and our concrete molded pool steps are molded together as one piece with the pool. Gappsi builds Plum perfect pools due to the engineering and knowledge of the gappsi personal.
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Frequently Asked Questions About Paving Stone Installation & How To Choose A Contractor.

From Award Winning Professional Installer, Giuseppe Abbrancati
Information that you want and that you should know.
GAPPSI is a customer service oriented company with dedicated employees. Every employee’s responsibility is selected in order to guarantee our customers quality services and satisfaction at the completion of every project installation.
Paving stones are best installed on recycled concrete base or RCA which is produced from the recycled process of concrete removed from old concrete patios, driveways and street sidewalks. It comes in sizes of 1 ¼ inch clean and in ¾ inch mix with finer particles. Patios and walkways will take a 6 inch deep RCA base and a driveway will need 12 inches total, 6 inches of (1 ¼ clean crushed) as a bottom layer because this will help stabilize the sub-base below and then 6 inches of ( ¾ minus) over it. The finer crushed concrete or RCA, once compacted with a vibrating plate compactor or roller and sprayed with water during compaction it will petrify like a natural stone do to the high concentration of cement and calcium that is present in the RCA. Then 1 to 1 ½ inches of sand is leveled over the RCA and the paving stones are then laid over the sand. These are the industries standards of installation. But what makes the difference between a good installation and a bad one is the installer. It takes more than crushed concrete and sand. The installers experience, knowledge, tools and long term plans to be in business is what delivers a good job.
WHAT IS RCA? (Recycled Concrete Aggregate)
Crushed concrete or RCA is produced by private crushing concrete facilities. Some facilities select the materials before crushing them and charge more for that particular RCA but they also crush concrete mixed with lots of dirt, grass and every thing else that contractors excavate from their job and bring to them. It may cost too much to separate them so they crush them and then they sell it much cheaper and they also call it RCA.
There is no industry standard for RCA used in residential applications. It comes down to the contractors conscience to pay a little more to get the better product and deliver a better job. The best RCA is made by mixing 70 % of pure crushed concrete and 30% of sand and gravel because the concrete petrifies and the sand and gravel gives the base its porasity so the water can travel through it to the ground below. State approved RCA is not good to use as a base under the paving stones because it is 100 % crushed concrete and petrifies as a solid base and water does not seep through it for drainage.
Second most important factor after the selection of quality base material is the compaction of the base preparation. To do a good compaction you need a good compactor plate or roller and spraying a substantial amount of water to the base during compaction helps the base material densify and petrify. Base material should be very close and consistent with the final grade of the finished pavement. It should take only 1 to 1 ½ inches of sand throughout the paved area . Quality Base material, good compaction and grading is what a good long lasting installation is all about. Recycled concrete base is a flexible base, it will heave in frost situations and it will return to it’s original position in a thawing situation. Also, good RCA base, once petrified will allow any water that seeps between the joints of paving stones through the sand to drain into the ground below allowing water to drain from underneath paving stone pavement. Water drainage is very important for the preservation of paving stones colors and finishes.
If you have an existing concrete patio with some cracks in it, you can use it as base and install pavers on it over one inch of sand as long as you have an open clearance under any door or gate that opens on to the patio. You will increase the height of the patio by three inches so the existing grass touching the patio will have to be adjusted if necessary. When installing paving stones around a pool, the ground around a new swimming pool gets excavated almost 3 ft deep and 3 to 4 ft wide all around the pool. It does not matter how long you wait. 3 ft of back fill will keep settling for years and so will be the patio unless a concrete base for the patio is installed the proper way. To do it to prevent settling is to compact the ground as much as possible with a vibrating plate machine, tie rebars to the top of the pool walls on steel walls and drill holes into walls if the walls are poured concrete. Then tie concrete wire mesh at least 4 to 5 ft around pool and then pour 4 inches of concrete base. You can install concrete or install RCA for the remaining patio area. I strongly suggest that you have concrete base around the pool to prevent settling and RCA for the remaining area so the water that gets underneath the pavers will drain into the ground below so it would not get trapped under the pavers and affect the colors and finishes of the paving stones in the future. If you install concrete base for the entire area the concrete has to be sloped in the same direction as the finished patio and drilling lop holes under the border will allow the water to escape from underneath the paving stone. Or, if you install the Gappsi Edge Restraint System you will have consistent drainage all around the patio. You have to follow the same procedures of installing 1 to 1 ½ inches of sand over the concrete before installing pavers.
After the base preparation spreading 1 to 1 ½ inches of clean sand over the RCA, level the sand to create a more precise final grade proceeding with installation of paving stones. Installing sand under paving stones is for several functions. The sand works as a separation between pavers and RCA . Since RCA is rich in calcium and lime, separating pavers from the base with clean sand will prevent pavers from absorbing lime and calcium from base materials which will show up to the surface of the pavement as efflorescence. New paving stones will release lime coming from within the pavers themselves for a period of one to two years and then eventually disappear. If pavers are touching concrete or any kind of cement enriched base material the efflorescence factor will increse as years go by. Another function the sand has is that water that gets under the pavers it will travel through the sand faster and find its way through the RCA base into ground. Also, after the installation and completion of the paving stone pavement, sweep dry sand to fill the joints of the paving stones, vibrate pavers into the sand with a vibrating plate machine. This will allow the dry sand to fill the joints of the paving stones. This will create an interlocking pavement system, paving stones are not consistent in thickness. The compaction of paving stones will push any higher paving stones into the sand and in this situation the sand works as a cushion allowing thicker paving stones to be vibrated lower so the top of the patio is all even.
Installing RCA base under a paving stone driveway will allow good water drainage into the ground below. You have to use at least 12” of RCA base material and you will definitely need to have a good and heavy mechanical compacting machine. The base must be compacted several times. If you are concerned about settling and if having a poured concrete base under your paving stone driveway makes you feel more reassured, there is nothing wrong with doing so. When installing a concrete base under paving stones, make sure proper drainage is created and that water is allowed to escape from underneath the paving stones. Installing the gappsi edge restraint system around the perimeter of your paving stone installation will allow full drainage anywhere the border of the paving stone pavement abuts the grass or a flower bed and water will escape and drain into the ground. As long as you create drainage so water can escape from underneath the paving stones, a concrete base under paving stones won’t affect the installation or the paving stones long-term integrity.
1) Install drywells under concrete in low spots with a drain crate over it so water can access in to the drywell and escape from underneath the pavers. The top of the crate should be below the bottom of the sand with landscape fabric over it so water will drain and sand will be kept from washing out in to the drywell.
2) You can install a water catch basin under the concrete with top of crate below bottom of sand with landscape fabric over it so sand won’t wash away and pipe water to a drywell under the grass next to the driveway and at the same time you can pipe water from a roof gutter into the same drywell to prevent water from running over the brand new paver and stain, mark and weather the pavers over the years different from the rest of the driveway
3) It is very important to do the same for the driveway apron so water that travels under the pavers once it hits the curb will be cached and directed to a drywell. All driveways slope towards the street and a good way to do it is to install a French drain. Dig a 12“ wide x 12” deep trench next to street curb as wide as the driveway apron. Line the trench with landscape fabric and install a perforated 4” pvc pipe across the entire trench past the finished driveway and extend the pipe to connect in to a drywell in the grass. Fill the trench with washed gravel and then rap the fabric over the gravel. Then pour concrete over the fabric. You need to install a two by four against the concrete curb so after the concrete cures you remove the wood. A two inche gap is created between the concrete base and curb. Install pavers over the concrete on 1 to 1 ½ inches of sand. The fabric that you wrapped the gravel with will prevent the sand from washing away in to the gravel. If you don’t follow this procedure the water that travels underneath the pavers will back up under the paving stones driveway and come up through the joint of the paving stones. This water traveled all the way down from the top of the driveway carrying with it all the lime and efflorescent released from the brand new concrete base. And if not direct and let this water drain from under pavers this will discolor the pavers and the steeper the degree of slope of the driveway the faster the water travels under the pavers towards the street.
These are pictures showing efflorescent create by concrete base with no drainage system under pavers.
The three biggest differences between paving stone manufacturers are:
1) The owners of each manufactures have different last names.
2) They deposit their millions in different bank accounts
. 3) While every contractor in the field butts heads against each other trying to explain to the consumer the differences between manufacturers, the owners of every paving stone manufacturer are having partys on their yachts laughing at it all.
Paving stones or interlocking paving blocks are manufactured with high density cement mix which consist of sand, cement, color and water. These are the ingredients used to make paving stones with every paving stone manufacturing facility worldwide. Cement mix is poured into a mold and pressed by hydraulic power over a vibrating plate. The manufacturers that make the machines to make paving stones is who all the credit is due. Through their research and technology they develop new state of the art paving stone machines and molds every year making the products more realistic like. Tumbled stone looks more edged than broken stones making colors more vibrant and blends more uniform making paving stones look like tiles by polishing the top or sand blasting the surface to create the resemblance of a natural weathered stone. The difference between the paving stone manufacturers are mostly their color blend, they all use colors to make blends in different percentages, they are located in different states and get their sand to make their paving stones locally, so their sand is different though making a difference in blends and colors results. Their shapes my be different, it depends on what kind of shapes each manufacturer decides to promote.
Their finishes depend on what kind of finishing machines they decide to adapt. Whether they want to produce polished, natural, chiseled edges, beveled edges, tumbled or sand blasted paving stones in our showroom we decided to carry Nicolock, Anchor and Hanover paving stones and wall systems.
We carry these three companies for the difference in their product lines:
We like Nicolock because they have the biggest selection of colors and the biggest selection of three color blends, biggest selection of fullnose and coping, they produce chiseled edges and natural finished paving stones, they have the biggest selection of colors and styles of retaining wall systems, are a local manufacturer and their products are available to us within hours.
We like Anchor for their color blends being totally different from the Nicolock line, they manufacture natural and tumbled finished walls and paving stones. Anchor tumbled stones are true tumbled, they have a perfect weathered look resembling real stones in rustic and soft weathered finishes. Very unique shapes like Portage, The Arbel and Urbana. They have a big selection of engineered wall systems and a very big selection of patterns.
We like Hanover for their color selection for being totally different from Nicolock and Anchor. They produce chiseled edges, tumbled and sand blasted paving stones. They make very unique shapes like the cathedral, the fan pattern and most realistic slate finish sand blasted paving stones in gray and beige blend in sizes ranging from 12 x 12 to 24 x 36 Their chapel garden wall system is most natural looking wall system on the market, very consistent and uniformed color blends. In addition, they have a large selection of custom finished pool coping.
Choosing the Pavers: Choosing your paving stones could be quite a challenge. I say that because of what I have experienced through the years of listening to people’s comments about how overwhelmed, confused and frustrated they are trying to choose pavers for their project. That is because people trying to absorb to much information given to them by contractors that they interview and stone dealers that they visit. In many situations contractors favor a certain manufacturer because of certain interests like trying to be loyal to a dealer where they buy their supplies and get referrals from so in return they push their products. Dealers sometimes have territorial rights and that’s why they promote certain manufacturers.
For this reason, it could be very tiring selecting your stone when listening to contractors and stone dealers talking about which paving stones manufacturer is better when 99% of the problem that people have with paving stones are installation problems. That is due to the poor knowledge of several contractors. In many situations consumers wear them selves out trying to choose their paving stones. In the end they wind up buying what the installer they are hiring to do the job suggests.
My first recommendation to consumers that are looking to choose paving stones is to visit as many paving stone dealers as possible and look at their displays and do not ask any questions. The paving stones that you are going to use is the one that is esthetically appealing to you whether it is the color blend, finish, texture, sizes or pattern. Because, if you ask somebody else, that person is going to try to sell you what ever interests him. And I guarantee you that nobody knows better than you about what you like.
The next and best recommendation is that you choose a company first that you think is very qualified to handle your project and then let them guide you throughout the process of designing, selecting materials and installing your project. This way you are dealing with one company and if any problem arises from paving stones or craftsmanship you don’t have to run around trying to figure things out.
Paving stones are manufactured concrete blocks. The ingredient to make paving blocks are sand, cement, color and water. Just like natural stones, paving stone colors change from lot to lot, so when you look at a stone display there is a good chance that you will get something a little different than the color of stones that you chose.
That is because colors, cement and water are possible to manage during the manufacturing of paving stones, but sand is not, just like you see different veins of colors when you look at a big rock the color of the sand changes the same way when you dig through a sand mound thus having different colors of sand everyday and that is why the color of paving stone changes from lot to lot. When you chose a paving stone you should be open minded, and I say this respectfully, and also because is beyond everybody’s control from your contractor to the supplier to the manufacturer. Most people that have problems with stone colors is because they were never told what to expect. The colors of your paving stones will be within the range and tone of colors that you chose when you saw them displayed.
Also, what makes the color change is the temperature. If the weather is humid or dry that has a big impact to the curing process of cement thus to the end color result and this could affect the colors of paving stones not from lot to lot but from pavers made in the morning verses pavers made in the afternoon within the same lot during the same day. If you use different size of stones for the border or for inlays but the same color of the stones that you are using for the middle of the patio, you will get a different color border or inlay because is it is a different size stone and it is definitely a different lot . Colors of fullnose are always different than pavers because they are manufactured standing up and pavers are manufactured laying flat. Fullnose are also smoother and that affects the colors.
Lots of people choose their paving stones by looking at one or two samples that is not a good thing to do. Lots of people try to justify the colors printed on the brochures comparing them to the actual pavers. When a picture is a reproduction it is very easily affected by lighting and cameras lenses. In conclusion, I have seen people suffering in pain while trying to chose their paving stone colors and I have had out of body experiences just by looking and listening to them to the point of saying that there are bigger problems in the world than the color changes of the sand.
Selecting a contractor to install your home improvement project is the most important part to guarantee yourself a satisfactory end result . Hiring the lowest bidder my not be the smartest thing to do and hiring the highest bidder does not necessarily mean that you are going to get the best job. Being the middle bidder does not make that the right guy either.
Hirng a company that has been in business a long time may be the right thing to do, but consider that management changes and some times a new company with no background may deliver a better job because they are tryng to build up a name. But Remember that years of experience is what gives knowledge. Getting references is a good idea but remember that nobody will give a reference that will bad mouth them.
An average home improvement project takes approx. 10 days to complete. People spend a long time to choose their companion that they are going to spend the rest of their live with, they do not spend too much time selecting a contractor because it’s only going to be a short encounter. They do not consider the fact that they are going to look at the project for a lifetime. And thery are going to spend a long time working to pay for it.
1) Your contractor should volunteer, without you asking, proof of home improvement license, liability and workmans comp. certificate. If somebody gets injured working at your house and the contractor you hired does not have the proper insurance, the home owner is personally responsible and if the contractor does not have a home improvement license, the home owner can not bring any legal action against the contractor, because the contractor can claim he is not a contractor and he was just helping you. A signed contract of the work that as to be performed is a must.
2) If you ask for a reference or if the contractor volunteers them it should be a list of over a 100 names and phone numbers.
3) The contractor should volunteer to give you his cell number and that number should be printed on his business card. Before you hire him, every time you call him, you should call him from different phone lines.
4) If you really want a reference, it is better to go see a job in progress and to see the contractors way of operation and make the contractor aware that you will call him unexpectedly to see a job in progress. He should not choose the job you are going to see.
5) Checking with Consumer Affairs and the BBB is definitely a way to check your contractors background.
6) If your contractor has a PO Box as an office address, that address could disappear overnight as well as the the contractor. If you need to take legal action against them it would be literally impossible.
7) If your contractor has an office where somebody answers the phone during business hours when you need to call with a quick or important question, that definitely shows dedication to costumer service.
8) If your contractor has an office where you can go in person, in case you can not get through by phone – that is definitely reassuring!
9) If the company you’re planning to use owns the place of business, where the company is established and a showroom, where you can walk in and out, that definitely shows customer service and dedication. That is your guarantee that you are going to get a good job. You can rest assure and go on doing what it is that you do for a living with out being distracted because you are having work done at your home and at the same time save money for not wasting time and work days to check on the contractor while they are working at your house. Sometimes what you think you are saving you might be wasting it.
10) The last thing you want to do is to be involved in ordering any materials and be part of scheduling and delivery of supplies such as containers, sand, gravel, and paving stones. It does not seem to be a big deal, but trust me it is. you. You want your contractor to handle every thing, all you want is to do is come home and like what you see and be picky about it if necessary.
Paving stones are best installed on recycled concrete base or RCA which is produced from the recycled process of concrete removed from old concrete patios, driveways and street sidewalks. It comes in sizes of 1 ¼ inch clean and in ¾ inch mix with finer particles. Patios and walkways will take a 6 inch deep RCA base and a driveway will need 12 inches total, 6 inches of (1 ¼ clean crushed) as a bottom layer because this will help stabilize the sub-base below and then 6 inches of ( ¾ minus) over it. The finer crushed concrete or RCA, once compacted with a vibrating plate compactor or roller and sprayed with water during compaction it will petrify like a natural stone do to the high concentration of cement and calcium that is present in the RCA. Then 1 to 1 ½ inches of sand is leveled over the RCA and the paving stones are then laid over the sand. These are the industries standards of installation. But what makes the difference between a good installation and a bad one is the installer. It takes more than crushed concrete and sand. The installers experience, knowledge, tools and long term plans to be in business is what delivers a good job.
It is whitish powder-like deposit which sometimes appears on concrete or clay products. The deposit is the residue of a soluble salt carried to the face of the product by moisture and left on the surface as a dry powder following evaporation of the moisture. The phenomenon was reported on as early as the 1870’s. Efflorescence of itself in no way affects structural integrity.
The salts are found in either the native soil, the gravel base or in the sand, stone or cement used to manufacture the paving stones.
These salts dissolve in either the ground water, rain water or water added to mix the concrete. The salts move upwards with the moisture to the drying surface by capillary action. In basement walls, this capillary movement has been measured to be as much as 600 millimeters. Because the sun evaporates the moisture at the surface, this capillary wicking action continues to draw moisture from below. The efflorescence continues until either the salt of moisture supply has been exhausted.
Efflorescence will usually wash and wear off in the course of time. The recommended procedure is to allow this natural process to take place. However, if you would like to speed up the process, it can be removed by washing the pavers with efflorescence remover solution. This solution is available at our supply location. A small unobtrusive area should be treated first to ensure results are acceptable.
No responsibility can be accepted by the paving stone manufacturers or the installer for efflorescence since any normal concrete contains calcium hydroxide which is inevitable when cements and/or lime and water are mixed together. Calcium hydroxide combines with carbon dioxide in the air to form calcium carbonate which then appears as a whitish deposit, efflorescence.
Reference: Portland Cement Association
Bulletin 1A020.03T
MY ADVICE TO YOU is to consider the whitish color of the efflorescence as the white color of the blend you chose. White is a color that you will always get with any paving stones that you purchase. There is nothing to get upset over and spending time and money trying to remove it. Accept the white of efflorescence as an additional color to your paving stones. If the efflorescence that occurs with paving stones is NOT acceptable to you, then you should strongly consider using Travetine, Granite, Marble or any other natural stones

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